Okt. Champions-League-Sieger Real Madrid hat sich erwartungsgemäß von Trainer Julen Lopetegui getrennt. Der Jährige, ehemaliger. Juni Real Madrid hat den Nachfolger von Zinedine Zidane gefunden: Nach der WM übernimmt Spaniens Nationaltrainer Julen Lopetegui das. Name: Real Madrid Club de Fútbol; Spitzname: Los Blancos, Los Republik.
The crowd saw the French soldiers pulled out of the palace to the royal family members who were still in the palace. Immediately, the crowd launched an assault on the floats.
The fight lasted hours and spread throughout Madrid. Subsequent repression was brutal. Paintings such as The Third of May by Goya reflect the repression that ended the popular uprising on 2 May.
The Peninsular War against Napoleon, despite the last absolutist claims during the reign of Ferdinand VII , gave birth to a new country with a liberal and bourgeois character, open to influences coming from the rest of Europe.
However, in the early 20th century Madrid looked more like a small town than a modern city. The Spanish Constitution of was the first legislated on the state capital, setting it explicitly in Madrid.
Madrid was one of the most heavily affected cities of Spain in the Civil War — The city was a stronghold of the Republicans from July Its western suburbs were the scene of an all-out battle in November and during the Civil War the city was also bombed by aeroplanes.
See Siege of Madrid — During the economic boom in Spain from to , the city experienced unprecedented, extraordinary development in terms of population and wealth, becoming the largest GDP city in Spain, and ranking third in Western Europe.
The south of Madrid became very industrialised, and there were massive migrations from rural areas of Spain into the city. After the death of Franco and the start of the democratic regime, the constitution confirmed Madrid as the capital of Spain.
Madrid was the scene of some of the most important events of the time, such as the mass demonstrations of support for democracy after the failed coup, F , on 23 February Benefiting from increasing prosperity in the s and s, the capital city of Spain has consolidated its position as an important economic, cultural, industrial, educational, and technological centre on the European continent.
Over a quarter of the Madrid municipal area is covered by the largely forested protected area of El Pardo. The highest recorded temperature was on 24 July , at These records were registered at the airport, in the eastern side of the city.
Madrid derives almost It is responsible for the supply, depurating waste water and the conservation of all the Comunidad de Madrid region natural water resources.
The population of Madrid has overall increased since the city became the capital of Spain in the midth century, and has stabilised at approximately 3 million since the s.
From until the mids, the population dropped. This phenomenon, which also affected other European cities, was caused in part by the growth of satellite suburbs at the expense of the downtown region within the city proper.
This also occurred during a period of slowed growth in the European economy. The demographic boom accelerated in the late s and early first decade of the 21st century due to immigration in parallel with a surge in Spanish economic growth.
According to census data, the population of the city grew by , between and The average life expectancy was As the capital city of Spain, the city has attracted many immigrants from around the world.
In , about The ten largest immigrant groups include: Districts that host the largest number of immigrants are Usera Districts that host the smallest number are Fuencarral-El Pardo 9.
Central Madrid attracted many Japanese company employees without children due to its proximity to places of employment.
Most people in Madrid are Roman Catholic. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid. The City Council consists of 57 members, one of them being the mayor.
The mayor presides over the Council. The Plenary of the Council is the body of political representation of the citizens in the municipal government.
Some of its attributions are: In the election , however, the PP was the party with the most votes but failed to gain a majority with the leftist Ahora Madrid the runner-up.
Manuela Carmena , mayoral candidate for the later, was proclaimed mayor after a deal was reached between her party and the PSOE.
Madrid is administratively divided into 21 districts, which are further subdivided into wards barrios. Madrid is the capital of the Community of Madrid.
The region has its own legislature and it enjoys a wide range of competencies in areas such as social spending, healthcare, education.
The seat of the regional parliament, the Assembly of Madrid is located at the district of Puente de Vallecas. The presidency of the regional government is headquartered at the Royal House of the Post Office , at the very centre of the city, the Puerta del Sol.
Madrid is the capital of the Kingdom of Spain. The King of Spain , whose functions are mainly ceremonial, has their official residence in the Zarzuela Palace.
As the seat of the Government of Spain , Madrid also houses the official residence of the President of the Government Prime Minister and regular meeting place of the Council of Ministers , the Moncloa Palace , as well as the headquarters of the ministerial departments.
Both the residences of the Head of State and Government are located at the northwest of the city. Moncloa Palace , seat of the President of the Government of Spain.
The Palacio de las Cortes , seat of the Congress of Deputies. Nuevos Ministerios complex, the seat of the Ministry of Development. The Madrid metropolitan area comprises the city of Madrid and forty surrounding municipalities.
It has a population of slightly more than 6. It is the largest metropolitan area in Spain and the third largest in the European Union. As with many metropolitan areas of similar size, two distinct zones of urbanisation can be distinguished:.
The largest suburbs are to the South, and in general along the main routes leading out of Madrid. Submetropolitan areas inside Madrid metropolitan area:.
Many of the historic buildings of Madrid date from the Spanish Golden Age , which coincided with the Habsburgs reign — The Imperial College church model dome was imitated in all of Spain.
Pedro de Ribera introduced Churrigueresque architecture to Madrid; the Cuartel del Conde-Duque , the church of Montserrat , and the Bridge of Toledo are among the best examples.
The reign of the Bourbons during the eighteenth century marked a new era in the city. Philip V built a palace in line with French taste, as well as other buildings such as St.
The Paseo del Prado , surrounded by gardens and decorated with neoclassical statues, is an example of urban planning.
The Duke of Berwick ordered the construction of the Liria Palace. From the midth century until the Civil War, Madrid modernised and built new neighbourhoods and monuments.
Arturo Soria conceived the linear city and built the first few kilometres of the road that bears his name, which embodies the idea. French style, eclectic, art deco, and expressionist.
The Civil War severely damaged the city. Subsequently, the old town and the Ensanche were destroyed, and numerous blocks of flats were built.
During the decade of the s, the four tallest skyscrapers in Spain were built and together form the Cuatro Torres Business Area.
The streets of Madrid are a veritable museum of outdoor sculpture. Since the 18th century, the Paseo del Prado has been decorated with an iconographic program with classical monumental fountains: The equestrian sculptures are particularly important, starting chronologically with two designed in the 17th century: Fuente de la Fama, built in by Pedro de Rivera.
The Statue of the Bear and the Strawberry Tree , represents the coat of arms of the city, built in Madrid is the European city with the highest number of trees and green surface per inhabitant and it has the second highest number of aligned trees in the world, with , units, only exceeded by Tokyo.
Its area is more than 1. The park is entirely surrounded by the present-day city. Its lake in the middle once staged mini naval sham battles to amuse royalty; these days the more tranquil pastime of pleasure boating is popular.
In the Buen Retiro Park is also the Forest of the Departed Bosque de los Ausentes , a memorial monument to commemorate the victims of the 11 March Madrid attacks.
Its area is more than 1, hectares 6. There are, in fact, three different ecosystems: The oak is the dominant tree species in the area and, although many of them are over years old and reach a great height, they are also present in the form of chaparral and bushes.
The pine-forest ecosystem boasts a large number of trees that have adapted perfectly to the light, dry conditions in the park. In addition, mushrooms often emerge after the first rains of autumn.
Finally, the river groves, or riparian forests, are made up of various, mainly deciduous, species that grow in wetter areas. Examples include poplars, willows and alder trees.
As regards fauna, this green space is home to approximately vertebrate species. It was an 18th-century creation by Carlos III and it was used as a base for the plant species being collected across the globe.
The Royal Palace Palacio Real is surrounded by three green areas. In front of the palace, are the gardens of the Plaza de Oriente; to the north, the gardens of Sabatini and to the west up to the Manzanares River, the famous Campo del Moro.
Campo del Moro gardens has a surface area of 20 hectares and is a scenic garden with an unusual layout filled with foliage and an air of English romanticism.
The Sabatini Gardens have a formal Neoclassic style, consisting of well-trimmed hedges, in symmetric geometrical patterns, adorned with a pool, statues and fountains, with trees also planted in a symmetrical geometric shape.
Plaza de Oriente can distinguish three main plots: The Central Gardens are arranged around the central monument to Philip IV, in a grid, following the barroque model garden.
They consist of seven flowerbeds, each packed with box hedges, forms of cypress, yew and magnolia of small size, and flower plantations, temporary.
These are bounded on either side by rows of statues paths, popularly known as the Gothic kings, and mark the dividing line between the main body of the plaza and the Cabo Noval Gardens at north, and the Lepanto Gardens at south.
It is one of the best preserved Mediterranean Forests in Europe. This meadow, which has been used as hunting grounds by the royalty given the variety of game animals that have inhabited it since the Middle Ages, is home to flora species and vertebrae species.
Rabbits, red partridges, wild cats, stags, deer and wild boars live among ilexes, cork oaks, ash trees, black poplars, oaks, junipers and rockroses.
Monte del Pardo is part of the Regional Park of the High Basin of the Manzanares, spreading out from the Guadarrama Mountains range to the centre of Madrid, and protected by strong legal regulations.
Just before crossing the city, the River Manzanares forms a valley composed by sandy elements and detritus from the mountain range.
It is a fenced property of about 3, hectares, which includes important ecological values, landscape and art. El Capricho is a hectare garden located in the area of Barajas district.
It dates back to The art of landscaping in El Capricho is displayed in three different styles of classical gardenscapes: It is an area of parkland 10 kilometres 6 miles long and covers hectares in six districts: It is a large area of environmental, sporting, leisure and cultural interest.
The theme park Faunia is a natural history museum and zoo combined, aimed at being fun and educational for children. It comprises eight eco-systems from tropical rain forests to polar regions , and contains over 1, animals, some of which roam freely within.
After it became the capital of Spain in the 16th century, Madrid was more a centre of consumption than of production or trade.
A large industrial sector did not develop until the 20th century, but thereafter industry greatly expanded and diversified, making Madrid the second industrial city in Spain.
However, the economy of the city is now becoming more and more dominated by the service sector. Madrid is the 5th most important leading Center of Commerce in Europe after London, Paris, Frankfurt and Amsterdam and ranks 11th in the world.
Administration, banking, and small-scale manufacturing centred on the royal court were among the main activities, but the city was more a locus of consumption than production or trade, geographically isolated as it was before the coming of the railways.
Industry started to develop on a large scale only in the 20th century,  but then grew rapidly, especially during the " Spanish miracle " period around the s.
The economy of the city was then centred on diverse manufacturing industries such as those related to motor vehicles , aircraft, chemicals, electronic devices, pharmaceuticals, processed food , printed materials, and leather goods.
Its economy is now among the most dynamic and diverse in the European Union. Madrid concentrates activities directly connected with power central and regional government, headquarters of Spanish companies, regional HQ of multinationals , financial institutions and with knowledge and technological innovation research centres and universities.
The economy of Madrid has become based increasingly on the service sector. In services accounted for Following the recession, services and industry were forecast to return to growth in , and construction in The proportion classified as affluent was Participation in the labour force was 1,, in , or In , the unemployment rate was Among those aged 16—24, the unemployment rate was The construction of transport infrastructure has been vital to maintain the economic position of Madrid.
Travel to work and other local journeys use a high-capacity metropolitan road network and a well-used public transport system.
As an industrial centre Madrid retains its advantages in infrastructure, as a transport hub, and as the location of headquarters of many companies.
Industries based on advanced technology are acquiring much more importance here than in the rest of Spain.
Industrial Gross Value Added grew by 4. The construction sector, contributing 6. A recent study placed Madrid 7th among 36 cities as an attractive base for business.
Its less favourable characteristics were seen as pollution, languages spoken, and political environment. Another ranking of European cities placed Madrid 5th among 25 cities behind Berlin, London, Paris and Frankfurt , being rated favourably on economic factors and the labour market, and on transport and communication.
The Spanish international news agency EFE maintains its headquarters in Madrid since its inception in The second news agency of Spain is the privately owned Europa Press, founded and headquartered in Madrid since Madrid is considered one of the top European destinations concerning art museums.
Best known is the Golden Triangle of Art , located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three museums. The collection currently comprises around 7, paintings, 1, sculptures, 4, prints and 8, drawings, in addition to a large number of works of art and historic documents.
El Prado is one of the most visited museums in the world, and it is considered to be among the greatest museums of art. Its collections of Roman mosaics, Greek ceramics, Islamic art and Romanesque art are very important.
The Golden Age of Mexican cinema is the name given to the period between and , where the quality and economic success of the cinema of Mexico reached its peak.
Mexicans celebrate their Independence from Spain on September 16, and other holidays with festivals known as "Fiestas".
Many Mexican cities, towns, and villages hold a yearly festival to commemorate their local patron saints. During these festivities, the people pray and burn candles to honor their saints in churches decorated with flowers and colorful utensils.
They also hold large parades, fireworks, dance competitions, beauty pageant contest, party and buy refreshments in the marketplaces and public squares.
In the smaller towns and villages, soccer, and boxing are also celebrated during the festivities. It honors the Virgin of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico, which is celebrated on December In the last decade, all the celebrations happening from mid-December to the beginning of January have been linked together in what has been called the Guadalupe-Reyes Marathon.
Epiphany on the evening of January 5 marks the Twelfth Night of Christmas and is when the figurines of the three wise men are added to the nativity scene.
Rather, it is the three wise men who are the bearers of gifts, who leave presents in or near the shoes of small children.
The Day of the Dead incorporates pre-Columbian beliefs with Christian elements. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died.
There is an idea behind this day that suggests the living must attend to the dead so that the dead will protect the living.
Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls , marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed, and visiting graves with these as gifts.
The gifts presented turn the graveyard from a dull and sorrowful place to an intimate and hospitable environment to celebrate the dead. In modern Mexico and particularly in the larger cities and in the North, local traditions are now being observed and intertwined with the greater North American Santa Claus tradition, as well as with other holidays such as Halloween , due to Americanization via film and television, creating an economy of gifting tradition that spans from Christmas Day until January 6.
It is created to look like popular people, animals, or fictional characters. Once made it is painted with bright colors and filled with candy or small toys.
It is then hung from the ceiling. The children then gather the candy and small toys. Mexican cuisine is known for its blending of Indigenous and European cultures.
Popular dishes include tacos , enchiladas , mole sauce , atole , tamales , and pozole. Popular beverages include water flavored with a variety of fruit juices, and cinnamon-flavored hot chocolate prepared with milk or water and blended until it becomes frothed using a traditional wooden tool called a molinillo.
Alcoholic beverages native to Mexico include mescal , pulque , and tequila. Mexican beer is also popular in Mexico and are exported.
There are international award-winning Mexican wineries that produce and export wine. The most important and frequently used spices in Mexican cuisine are chili powder , cumin , oregano , cilantro , epazote , cinnamon , and cocoa.
Next to corn , rice is the most common grain in Mexican cuisine. According to food writer Karen Hursh Graber, the initial introduction of rice to Spain from North Africa in the 14th century led to the Spanish introduction of rice to Mexico at the port of Veracruz in the s.
The cuisine of Southeastern Mexico has quite a bit of Caribbean influence, given its geographical location. In contemporary times, various world cuisines have become popular in Mexico, thus adopting a Mexican fusion.
For example, sushi in Mexico is often made by using a variety of sauces based on mango and tamarind , and very often served with serrano -chili blended soy sauce, or complemented with vinegar, habanero peppers, and chipotle peppers.
Chocolate originated in Mexico and was prized by the Aztecs. It remains an important ingredient in Mexican cookery. The foundation of Mexican music comes from its indigenous sounds and heritage.
The original inhabitants of the land used drums such as the teponaztli , flutes, rattles , conches as trumpets and their voices to make music and dances.
This ancient music is still played in some parts of Mexico. However, much of the traditional contemporary music of Mexico was written during and after the Spanish colonial period, using many old world influenced instruments.
Many traditional instruments, such as the Mexican vihuela used in Mariachi music , were adapted from their old world predecessors and are now considered very Mexican.
Mexican society enjoys a vast array of music genres, showing the diversity of Mexican culture. Trotzdem sprang in der Liga nur ein achter Platz heraus.
Infrastrukturell brachte die Saison die Renovierung des Stadions, in dem ein neuer Rasen verlegt und eine Leichtathletikbahn installiert wurde.
In der Liga sprang indes ein weiterer dritter Platz in der Endabrechnung hinaus. In der folgenden zwei Spielzeiten konnten keine Leistungssteigerungen verbucht werden; in der Endabrechnung reichte es letztlich nur zum 9.
Der erste Abschnitt wurde am Dennoch beendete die Mannschaft die Saison nur auf dem 5. Das Finale von Glasgow endete 1: Im Pokalsieger-Cup, wo der Titelverteidiger automatisch startberechtigt war, erreichte der Club das Endspiel.
Dieses fand am Die Saison wurde auf dem 7. Nach einem zweiten Platz in dieser Saison konnte der Club durch einen 2: Die offizielle Einweihung erfolgte am Das Finale fand am 8.
Auch die Liga wurde auf dem zweiten Platz beendet. Im gleichen Jahr klappte es aber wieder mit dem Titel, dem achten der Vereinsgeschichte. Die Saison schloss Madrid auf dem 6.
Als Resultat sprang ein dritter Platz in der Liga heraus. In der Liga wurde mit dem 4. Dennoch war es eine gute Spielzeit, da die Copa del Rey gewonnen wurde und man in der Meisterschaft auf einem guten 2.
Das Finale wurde erreicht und am 2. Mai wartete Dynamo Kiew in Lyon. Der Erfolg dieser Verpflichtung hielt sich allerdings in Grenzen, erneut konnte am Manzanares kein Titelgewinn gefeiert werden, wenngleich das Team davon nicht weit entfernt war.
Noch heute hat der Rekord von Resino Bestand. Die ersten Erfolge zeigten sich mit dem Gewinn der Copa del Rey, durch einen 1: In der Liga sprang ein akzeptabler dritter Platz heraus.
Die Katalanen triumphierten mit 5: Der als stur geltende Taktikfuchs kam bei der Mannschaft nicht an und war bei Fans und Umfeld allseits unbeliebt.
Doch auch er konnte die Dinge nicht mehr zum Guten wenden. Es ging alles schief, die Mannschaft harmonierte nicht und war ein einziger Torso.
Der Absturz ging weiter, von den ersten sieben Spielen wurde nur eines gewonnen.